An individual user in the platform
A choice a user can select in response to a poll
A standalone, public-facing resource in the Help Center
Groups Snapshots together while a learner is working on a particular problem (more specifically, the problem variant and problem type).
A way to group related articles together in the Help Center
A section in a workbook that contains pages
A programming language that learners use to write solutions (e.g., Python 2.7)
Learner-written pseudocode for a given problem variant
A learner or instructor who has access to a given course
A contained learning experience; also a way for researchers to organize experiments
A Parsons block that acts as a decoy in a Parsons problem, meaning it is not used in the final solution. It has a corresponding distractor-for block, which is used in the final solution.
A Parsons block for which a distractor block is acting as a decoy. Distractor-for blocks are the correct blocks that do get used in the final solution.
A Parsons problem that contains one or more fill-in-the-blank Parsons blocks
A problem type that provides the learner with a complete but incorrect solution, which they must debug and fix in order to get right
The place in Codespec where users can find resources and documentation for using the platform
An entity to which a collection of courses belong (e.g., Carnegie Mellon University)
The smallest navigational unit in a workbook; pages belong to chapters
A building block within a page (a block of text, a poll, or a problem)
A line of code in a Parsons problem; it also contains the pseudocode that describe the code, faded text (for the learner to fill in), and can be designated as a distractor (a decoy block not intended to be used in the correct solution)
A programming practice problem that learners must solve by putting mixed-up code blocks into the correct order and indentation
A collection of Parsons solution blocks that represent a complete and correct answer to a Parsons problem
Parsons solution block
The order and indentation at which a particular Parsons block must have to be correct
A question to display to learners; can be a single choice, multiple choice, or Likert scale (1-5)
A custom collection of problems created from learner-specific input (desired language and topics)
Practice session problem
Represents when a user sees a particular Problem during a Practice Session
A programming challenge that a learner can solve by completing an of the 5 problem types
A collection of problems (ordered randomly or numerically/specifically)
A problem in a problem set
A way for learners to solve a given problem. There are five types: pseudocode, Parsons, faded Parsons, fix code, and write code.
A compiler-specific variation of a problem. Any given problem can have one or more variants, but each variant-problem combination is unique per language (e.g., only 1 Python variant per problem).
Plain language representation of code
Captures exceptions that were raised while trying to run a learner’s code
A portion of an article, usually containing a subheading and rich text content; explains a particular feature or process
Captures what the problem interface looked like at a specific point in time; usually created when a learner performs 1 of specific set of actions (e.g., moving a block, submitting their solution, etc)
The order, indentation, and (if appropriate) faded text a learner chose for a given Parsons block while solving a problem
Stores the result of running a learner’s code (e.g., stdout, stderr, etc)
A keyword that can be applied to one or more articles in the Help Center, for enhanced content navigation/discoverability
A mechanism for controlling how long a learner has access to a page in a workbook
A standalone assertion that gets added to the end of a learner’s code to check if it is correct
Unit test result
The outcome of a unit test being run against a learner’s code
The answer a learner chose in response to a poll
User page element
Captures the intersection of a particular learner viewing/interacting with a particular page element (e.g., marking text as read, answering a poll, or solving a problem)
Represents an instance of a particular learner being timed for a given page with a timer. Tracks when they started, paused, resumed, and ended.
A collection of chapters and pages that contain plain text, polls, and problems for a learner to solve. Workbooks can be made private to a particular course and its members, or it can be public.
A problem type where the learners produces a solution on their own